Archive for the ‘Current issue’ Category
How does the state actually work in post-Soviet Eurasia? Put aside the notion that these countries are moving toward modern liberal democratic statehood, Johan Engvall of Uppsala University argues in the current issue of Governance. What is evolving, instead, is the state as a kind of investment market, in which would-be officials invest in offices to obtain access to streams of income associated with those offices. Drawing on fieldwork in Kyrgyzstan between 2006 and 2013, Engvall explains how the system works. “Office-holding,” he says, “resembles a rather uncertain franchise-like agreement.” Free access to the article.
Voters in India, 2014
Conventional wisdom says that a sound and functioning state has to be in place before democracy can be introduced. The possibility that democratization might contribute to state-building “has hardly been addressed in empirical research,” Giovanni Carbone and Vincenzo Memoli argue in the current issue of Governance. Their findings? More democratic countries are more likely to develop stronger and more effective states. Countries that reach and sustain a certain level of democratization are particularly likely to realize the benefits of a well-developed state. “Our findings have evident policy implications,” Carbone and Memoli say. “Authoritarian rulers do not make better ‘state consolidators’.” Read the article.
Transnational public-private partnerships are transboundary alliances between public and private actors that are aimed at providing food, sanitation and water in countries like Bangladesh, India and Kenya. In the current issue of Governance, Marianne Beisheim, Andrea Liese, Hannah Janetschek and Johanna Sarre examine when these partnerships will work. Emphasizing community participation helps to build legitimacy, which increases the likelihood of success. Effective projects also allow room for tailoring of projects to local needs. Close monitoring is critical as well. Read the article.